[Part 3] Discover coffee varieties: Ruiru 11, San Isidro, Sidra, Sl28, Sl34, Tabi, Typica, Variedad Colombia, Villa Sarchi: Coffee variations are estimated to number in the hundreds throughout the globe today. Only Arabica and Robusta, however, have been economically pushed among these three varieties. Arabica coffee, cultivated at high altitudes, has a richer, more delicate, more unique flavor than Robusta.

Globally, there are numerous old coffee types and novel hybrids that have been produced, resulting in exceptional production and quality. Discover unusual coffee varietals with promise for excellence with Helena., JSC.

RUIRU 11

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: Endurance

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Released in 1985, Ruiru 11 is a disease-resistant variety developed in Kenya

Named after the Ruiru station, it is designed to be disease resistant, although its cup quality is inferior to the SL 28 and SL 34. It has the added benefit of ripening earlier and earlier in the season.

SAN ISIDRO

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: Resistance

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[Part 3] Discover coffee varieties: Ruiru 11, San Isidro, Sidra, Sl28, Sl34, Tabi, Typica, Variedad Colombia, Villa Sarchi
Sarchimor (a hybrid between Villa Sarchi and Timor) was developed in collaboration with Finca Volcán Azul of Costa Rica. It is named after the nearby town of San Isidro.

Researched to thrive in the unique conditions in Tarrazú, Costa Rica, it is expected that San Isidro will give high yields, resistance to leaf rust, and high flavor quality. Early results have proven to be promising.

SIDRA

Sidra is a new hybrid, created from Red Bourbon and Typica and combining the characteristics of these two varieties. The variety has the sweetness and body of Red Bourbon as well as the bright taste and acidity of Typica.

SL28

Quality: High

Yield: High

Disease resistance: susceptible

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SL28 was developed in 1931 by Scott Laboratories to suit growing conditions in Kenya. This variety is known for its exceptional flavor qualities.

SL28 has a medium yield and relatively drought tolerance. Scott Laboratories has focused its efforts on producing a high acidity coffee, favoring those that are naturally high in phosphoric acid.

SL34

Quality: High

Yield: High

Disease resistance: susceptible

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Developed by Scott Laboratories in Kenya, the SL34 variety is designed for high yield with good cup quality.

This is a variety that has been studied for drought tolerance and high rainfall. Scott Laboratories has focused its efforts on producing a high acidity coffee, favoring those that are naturally high in phosphoric acid.

TABI

Quality: Good

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: Endure

Introduced in 2002 as part of Colombia’s efforts to combat leaf rust, Tabi is a hybrid of bourbon, typical, and timor.

The name Tabi means “good” in the Guambiano dialect (an indigenous Colombian tribe). This coffee exhibits the positive qualities of a bourbon and Typica cup and is more resistant to leaf rust.

TYPICA

Quality: High

Yield: Low

Disease resistance: susceptible

Varieties of coffee plants
[Part 3] Discover coffee varieties: Ruiru 11, San Isidro, Sidra, Sl28, Sl34, Tabi, Typica, Variedad Colombia, Villa Sarchi
Considered one of the ‘chi’ variations.

Tipica coffee berries are red in color with high quality but are susceptible to disease, so their popularity may be limited in the coming years. The yield is relatively low but is still widely grown in the world.

This is the basic plant from which many other varieties can be derived. Like other Arabica varieties, Typica is conical with a straight main stem and many slanted sub-stems. Typica grows up to 3.5 to 4 meters tall. The branches are made at angles of 50-70 degrees from the straight trunk of the tree. Typica has a very low yield but produces excellent quality coffee.

VARIEDAD COLOMBIA

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: Endure

Varieties of coffee plants
[Part 3] Discover coffee varieties: Ruiru 11, San Isidro, Sidra, Sl28, Sl34, Tabi, Typica, Variedad Colombia, Villa Sarchi
Developed by Colombian researchers at Cenicafe by crossing a Caturra and a Timor Hybrid.

Introduced in 1982, Variedad Colombia was developed to combat the outbreak of rust fungus in Colombia. The emergence of this variety is credited with saving the Colombian coffee industry from severe damage in the mid-1980s.

VILLA SARCHI

Quality: Good

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: susceptible

Varieties of coffee plants

Bourbon’s natural mutation was discovered in the Costa Rican village of Sarchi.

>>> [Part 1] Discover coffee varieties: Batian, Bourbon, Castillo, Catimor, Sarchimor, Catuai

 

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