Villa Sarchi Coffee varieties – Origin & Biological Characteristics | Helena., JSC

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Distribution of coffee varieties Villa Sarchi
Villa Sarchi Coffee varieties – Origin & Biological Characteristics | Helena., JSC: Villa Sarchi (also known as La Luisa or Villalobos Bourbon) is a natural mutation of the C. Bourbon variety with a genetic mutation that causes the plant to grow more petite than usual (also known as a dwarf mutation). This variety was discovered in Costa Rica in the 1950s (or 1960s) in the Northwest region of Alajuela province, then underwent pedigree selection (selection of individual plants over successive generations).
Villa Sarchi Coffee varieties - Origin & Biological Characteristics | Helena., JSC
Villa Sarchi Coffee varieties – Origin & Biological Characteristics | Helena., JSC

Information: Distribution of coffee varieties Villa Sarchi

Villa Sarchi is well adapted to altitudes 1300 – 1600m above sea level, resistant to strong winds, but very sensitive to leaf rust, berry disease, and nematode diseases. Villa Sarchi is not widely grown outside Costa Rica, though it was introduced to Honduras in 1974 by IHCAFE – According to the World Coffee Research.

Since the 1970s, when coffee breeders and growers in Latin America, as well as the global coffee industry. Have been highly concerned about the emergence of coffee leaf rust in Latin America, most varieties of the Arabica species are not capable of this disease and Villa Sarchi  itself is no exception. However, when bred with the same Villa Sarchi, advent groups like Sarchimor potentially have strong rust resistance. Villa Sarchi is more widely known in the species system.

Villa Sarchi coffee tree at Cerro Alto farm - Costa Rica
Villa Sarchi Coffee varieties – Origin & Biological Characteristics | Helena., JSC

Villa Sarchi and hybrid Sarchimor coffee

From 1958 to 1959, the Portuguese Institute for Coffee Research ( Centro de Investigação das Ferrugens do Cafeeiro), abbreviated as CIFC, famous for its research on coffee leaf rust, received a large number of beans. Timor Hybrid breed from the island of East Timor. Timor Hybrid is a natural hybrid between C. arabica and C. robusta, which appeared naturally on the island of Timor in the 1920s. The genetics from Robusta gives Timor excellent resistance to rust.

Sarchimor Parainema coffee tree in honduras (2)
Satchmo (Parainema) coffee tree in Honduras

From the two seed lots received by the CIFC, breeders in Portugal started working to create new coffee varieties that are disease resistant yet compact in stature to improve top yield. in a cultivated area. One of the above Timor Hybrids, called HDT CIFC 832/2, was crossed with the compact Villa Sarchi variety to create the H361 hybrid, which was one of the first “Sarchimor” plants to be bred with a dwarf gene pool – small inherited from Villa Sarchi and anti-rust properties inherited from Timor Hybrid.

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