Growing

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Growing

Terroir – Optimal Condition

Terroir is a term commonly applied to wine and is derived from the French word "Terre," which means land. Terroir refers to the diverse roles of natural factors such as climate, soil, flora, and fauna ecosystems, .. forming a growing condition and can affect plants in that place, including individual factors developed by humans such as farming practices and agricultural practices. In the coffee industry,  terroir is a confluence of many different factors that can powerfully impact and shape the flavor of …
Growing

SHB – Strictly Hard Bean

First of all, we need to know that SHG ( Strictly High Grown ) coffee is a term for coffee trees grown at an altitude of over 1,200 meters (4,000 feet) above sea level. At an altitude of over 1200m, coffee trees have a long growth cycle, the process of accumulating nutrients in coffee beans takes longer, so the beans have a firm structure with a richer and more balanced flavor. The beans from these beans are called Strictly Hard Bean. Strictly Hard Bean …
Growing

Selective Picking

A method of harvesting coffee in which farmers hand select only ripe red cherries. This ensures high coffee quality because, on most coffee plants, all the berries do not ripen at the same time but ripen in turn over several months. (Selective Picking) Related post: Five components that make up a perfect cup of coffee …
Growing

Rust – Rust disease

Coffee Leaf Rust (CLR), also known as rust disease, is caused by the fungus Hemileia vastatrix and can completely devastate a coffee gossip thing. The first signs of the disease are yellow or orange-yellow spots on the underside of coffee leaves; these spots gradually spread, reducing the ability of photosynthesis and leaf activity to cause significant leaf loss. The coffee tree is dying. Related post: Coffee varieties: Timor Hybrid – Helena., JSC …
Growing

Potato Defect

Potato Defect is a unique and unusual defect found only in coffees from Burundi and Rwanda. It is caused by unknown bacteria entering the coffee cherries' pods and producing a toxin that generates an unpleasant taste. Some studies show that: Potato Defect occurs when airborne bacteria get into a puncture or tear in the outer skin of a coffee berry. Such failures can happen for several reasons. The most common cause is Antestia (  Antestiopsis orbitalis  ), a tiny, blood-sucking insect that creates holes outside …
Growing

Medium Hard Beans – A Type Of Coffee Beans

In the Costa Rican elevation-based coffee classification system. Medium Hard Beans refer to coffee beans grown at 500 to 900m above sea level. Above this, we also have Good Hard Beans (GHB) – cultivated at about 1,000 to 1,200m; Strictly High Grown  (SHG) / Strictly Hard Beans (SHB) means coffee beans grown over 1,200m. However, it should be emphasized that the height of cultivation is not strictly a classification method but instead serves as the basis for the classification of coffee by …
Growing

Hemileia Vastatrix – Coffee Rust Disease

Hemileia vastatrix  (Spanish) is a fungus of the Pucciniales type (formerly known as Uredinales) that causes coffee leaf rust (CLR). Rust was first described and named by Berkley and Broom in Gardeners Chronicle – November 11, 1869, through specimens sent from Sri Lanka, where the disease first spread and caused extensive damage to trees. Coffee here. Epidemiology & Harm of Hemileia Vastatrix Hemileia differatrix is ​​an obligate parasitic fungus that lives only on the genus  Coffea Arabica plants. Therefore, the disease does not …
Growing

Elevation Above Sea Level

Elevation above sea level- Many coffee packages will tell you how many meters above sea level the coffee was grown – "meters above sea level" (masl) or "feet above sea level" (fasl). Coffee beans are of higher quality when grown in higher places. According to the Coffee Research Institute, the best altitude for growing coffee is around 550 to 1,100 masl in subtropical climates. In places near the equator, this is between 1,000 and 2,000 masl – although the plant mustn't suffer …
Growing

Defects

Defects or, more precisely, "coffee defect" is an unpleasant characteristic/feeling in taste (negative). Causes may be careless processing of green coffee beans, improper harvesting, inappropriate humidity during storage or insects, etc. [caption id="attachment_17997" align="aligncenter" width="1600"] Defective coffee beans affect the taste.[/caption] Green coffee beans can also contain physical imperfections and defects such as hollow, porous, chipped deformation, underripe or blackened beans, foul, moldy, or roasted beans affected by insects and animals' invasive harm. Most defects can be detected and eliminated during the grading …
Growing

Coffee Bean Belt

The coffee bean belt is an area limited between 23.5 degrees north and south latitude, with natural conditions suitable for coffee cultivation. This 'imaginary' belt between the planet lies on the equator and passes through about 70 countries, whose tropical climates provide the perfect rich environment for coffee growing. [caption id="attachment_17963" align="aligncenter" width="1600"] Coffee belt (yellow) – Limits the area where coffee trees can grow[/caption] Coffee belt (yellow) – Limits the place where coffee trees can grow The coffee belt crosses five continents, …
altitude-1Growing

Altitude

Altitude – Altitude is considered ideal for growing coffee plants, with lower temperatures slowing the growth cycle. This allows the bean to undergo a longer maturation process, thus creating a fuller, richer, and more apparent flavor. This lengthy maturation process also ensures that the beans are imbued with the distinctive flavors of the region in which they are grown. The more mature the coffee, the longer the flavor will be retained during storage as their extended development process produces a …
Growing

Coffee Berry Borer (CBB .)

Coffee Berry Borer – Coffee Borer Beetle or the Coffee Berry Borer (scientific name Hypothenemus hampei ) is a small beetle from Africa. It is one of the most severe pests of coffee plants worldwide. Counters harmful beetle coffee, coffee borer beetle, or coffee berry borer Although this malignant insect is very small, only 1.5 mm long, it brings great harm. CBB (short for Coffee Borer Beetle) can infect almost 100% of coffee pods on a farm and lead to an average 30-35% crop loss annually. Farmers’ incomes could …