How Does Climate Change Affect The Quality Of Specialty Coffee? We all know climate change is happening and affecting the globe. But that concept is still quite abstract after all. Are winters less cold or storms are getting more and more violent? Still something far away. So, imagine paying more just to buy coffees that taste worse and worse. That is the closest scenario between climate change and the development of the world coffee industry!
The Declaration Of Quality Flavor
The quality of Specialty coffee, especially in taste and aroma, is being affected by the change of climate change. This is according to researchers at Tufts and Montana State Universities in the US, who found that productivity is not the only factor susceptible to environmental change. Taste subtleties, eggplant brightness, and other variables for scent should also be taken into account.
The flavor profile of specialty coffees is characterized by the amount of acidity, body, and overall flavor. All blended in one Arabica bean. As weather patterns, change and crops become fraught with risk, the familiar attributes of certain eggplant varieties are at risk. In particular, Arabica coffee is very sensitive to any temperature movement, and even a change of 1 degree Celsius can hinder growth.
The researchers also found that coffee quality is affected by changes in water availability, carbon dioxide levels, and soil nutrients. And sadly, all of them are likely to be affected by climate change.
Solutions Are Risks
The consistent trend that the teams found was that farms at higher altitudes yield better coffee flavors and aromas. While too much light exposure has been linked to reduced coffee quality.
Some farmers are moving their crops to higher mountains and looking at ways to water efficiently. Others plant trees at higher densities, nurturing hopes of offsetting the inevitable drop in output from each plant. But in the end, you can’t just move to a higher altitude environment without changing the taste of the coffee. Not to mention the fact that no matter how tall a mountain is, it will reach its peak, and that is the limit sooner or later.
More seriously, moving the entire production of Specialty coffee to new areas does not only have to solve the crop problems. Coffee farmers also have to change their whole life to adapt again. Thousands of Arabica coffee farmers around the world will need to adapt to a growing new culture. And it’s not a quick and easy affair.
Almost certainly, half of the world’s coffee plantations will be lost by 2050 if climate change remains unchecked. A better understanding of the relationship between climate and coffee quality will be essential for the specialty coffee industry to adapt to the challenges we face and thrive in the future.
The changing quality of Specialty coffee has serious implications for the supply circle where everyone is a link. Climate change and the development of the world coffee industry is a situation that needs to be taken seriously and found solutions to improve the sustainability, as well as the resilience of the coffee industry in the context of change global.