Vietnam Coffee How To Make: Coffee Beans’ Journey

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter

Vietnam coffee how to make? The world’s largest exporter of coffee shops in Vietnam, ours has been infiltrating your life in a friendly, familiar manner. A nut coffee shop with you? Have you ever pondered what it would be like?

Most likely, your clarity began with a black coffee filter or machine and went awry. And you know that coffee is a face-row transaction and a worldwide hit.

According to the National Coffee Association of America, more than 150 million people in this country alone drink coffee daily. According to estimates, more than 2.25 percentage points of coffee are consumed daily throughout the world.

However, coffee beans must pass through a highly intricate global supply chain before they can be delivered to you every morning. The two high-temperature tropical coffees are farmed primarily in South America, Asia, and Africa.

More seeds are produced by the caffea arabica plant, which also has a greater flavor and less caffeine. Most speciality and premium coffees, including Arabica coffee, employ it.

Coffea canephora, on the other hand, tastes harsher and more bitter. Additionally, it is simpler to grow and primarily utilized in espresso and instant coffee (Robusta coffee).

Vietnamese coffee shops have developed their distinctive qualities in Vietnam due to the strength of Robusta coffee shops, which produce 90 percent of the country’s coffee and are also the most popular choice.

But after going through a similar 10-step process, both of these coffees do.

1. Growing coffee

Vietnam Coffee How To Make
Vietnam Coffee How To Make: Growing Coffee

Actually, a coffee bean is a seed. It produces coffee after being dried, roasted, and ground. The seed can be planted and grown into a coffee plant if it is not treated.

In nurseries, coffee beans are typically planted on clusters (beds) or in special soil trays. Until they are robust enough to be planted, seedlings will receive regular irrigation in the sun.

In order to keep the soil moist while the roots grow firmly, planting is typically done during the rainy season.

2. Pick coffee berries

The time it takes for newly planted coffee trees to develop fruit varies by type but is typically between three and four years. When ready for harvest, the coffee cherries turn bright red and then berry red.

vietnam coffee how to make
Vietnam Coffee How To Make: Pick coffee berries

A sizable harvest occurs year, on average. There is a primary and secondary crop in nations like Colombia where there are two annual flower crops.

Picking crops by hand is time-consuming and challenging in most nations. At the same time, it has been automated in places like Brazil, where the terrain is relatively flat and the coffee fields are significant.

All coffee is harvested in one of two ways, whether manually or mechanically:

  • Strip Picked: All coffee cherries are plucked simultaneously from the branch, either mechanically or by hand.
  • Selectively Picked: Only ripe coffee cherries are collected and chosen by hand. After eight to ten days, collectors switch between plants, only selecting mature coffee cherries. Quality Arabica beans are mostly harvested using this approach because it is more time-consuming and expensive.

A good harvester would typically yield 20 to 40 pounds (9ā€“18 kg) of green beans per day, or roughly 100 to 200 pounds (45ā€“90 kg) of coffee beans.

Each picker is compensated according to how well they accomplish their job after meticulously weighing the harvest they brought in. To the processing facility is delivered the daily crop.

3. Processing coffee berries

Once the coffee has been harvested, processing must begin as quickly as possible to avoid damaging the fruit. Depending on location and local resources, coffee is processed in one of two ways:

  • The dry method is an old coffee processing method and is still used in many countries with limited water resources. Freshly picked cherries are spread out on large surfaces to dry in the sun. To keep the fruit from spoiling, they are raked and turned all day, then covered at night or in the rain to prevent getting wet. Depending on the weather, this process can go on for several weeks until the cherry’s moisture content drops to 11%.
  • The wet method removes the peel and flesh of harvested coffee cherries so that the kernels dry when only the rind remains. First, the freshly harvested coffee cherries are passed through a factory to separate the skin and flesh from the seed.

As they pass through the water channels, the nuclei are then separated by weight. Lighter kernels will float to the top, while heavier ripe ones will sink to the bottom. The seats are passed through rotating drums and separated by size.

After separation, the kernels are transported to large water-filled fermentation tanks.

Depending on a combination of factors – such as the nucleus pulposus, climate and altitude – they will stay in these pools for 12 to 48 hours to remove the mucus layer (called the parenchyma). . ) is still attached to the husk. While resting in the tank, naturally occurring enzymes will cause this layer to dissolve.

When fermentation is complete, the kernels feel rough to the touch and are rinsed through water channels and ready to be dried.

4. Dried kernels

vietnam coffee how to make
Vietnam Coffee How To Make: Dried kernels

Kernels that have undergone wet processing must be dried to a moisture level of roughly 11% before being stored.

These kernels, which are still enclosed in the endocarp, can be dried in the sun by being spread out on a table or drying floor and being turned often, or they can be dried mechanically. The parchment coffee-style dried beans are kept in bags until they are prepared for export.

5. Grind away the top layer

Coffee husks go through the following processing steps before being exported:

The machine peels off the wet-processed coffee beans’ endocarp (husk). All of the coffee’s pods and husks will be eliminated by the dry processing coffee berry grinder.

Any husks remaining on the kernels after shelling are removed with this equipment during the optional polishing step. Although unpolished kernels are thought to be inferior to polished ones, there isn’t much of a difference in usage.

Kernels are sorted by size and weight, and any chromatic aberrations or other flaws are also examined.

Kernel size is often represented on a scale from 10 to 20. The ratio per 64 parts of 1 inch is what gives the aforementioned metric its meaning. Floor 18 refers to a measurement that is 18/64 inches, or 7.1 millimeters. The equivalent measurement for 16 floors is 16/64 inch, or 6.3mm in mm.

The flawed kernel is then mechanically or manually removed. Unacceptable size, color, overly fermented beans, insect damage, or untreated seeds are all considered defects and are removed.

This procedure is done both manually and by machine in various nations, guaranteeing that only the highest quality coffee beans are shipped.

6. Coffee bean exports

Green coffee, or ground coffee, is carried in bulk in plastic containers or put aboard ships in sacks placed in shipping containers.

Since Vietnam is the world’s top producer of coffee, we are fortunate to have a source of coffee without having to worry about importing it.

7. Try to taste coffee

For taste and quality, coffee is put through a lot of testing. This procedure, known as cupping, typically occurs in a room that has been constructed specifically for the purpose.

  • The taster sometimes referred to as the cupper, evaluates the kernel’s general quality first. The seeds are next roasted in a tiny laboratory, quickly ground to a fine powder, and then placed in carefully regulated boiling water for soaking. A critical stage in determining the coffee’s quality is for cuppers to smell the bean.
  • The cupper again takes in the aroma of the coffee before tasting it and giving it some time to rest.
  • Coffee drinkers immediately suck on a spoon to taste the coffee. The objective is to equally sprinkle the coffee onto the cupper’s taste buds, weigh it on the tongue, and then spit it out.

Every day, samples of different types and kernels are tasted. Coffees are examined to identify their qualities and defects and mix various beans or produce the ideal roasts.

A skilled cupper can distinguish the minute changes between hundreds of coffee samples in a single day.

8. Roasting coffee beans

The green beans are roasted to create the flavorful brown beans we can get at our favourite shops or eateries. Most roasters keep their temperature at around 550 degrees F. (287 degrees C).

The nuclei are continuously shifted throughout the process to prevent them from burning.

Vietnam Coffee How To Make: Roasting coffee beans

They start to turn brown and release caffeine, fragrant oil that has been trapped inside the seeds when they reach an internal temperature of almost 400 degrees Fahrenheit (204 degrees Celsius).

The flavour and aroma of the coffee we drink are produced by a process known as pyrolysis, which lies at the core of roasting.

Depending on the variety of beans and the moisture level of the seeds, roasting times might range from 12 to 18 minutes. Processed coffee is roasted at temperatures ranging from 100 to 240 degrees Celsius.

The following gives a temperature and time breakdown of coffee beans:

Start roasting green coffee at a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius. At this point, transpiration takes place, which causes the coffee beans to heat up and gradually contract relative to their initial size.

  • Coffee beans progressively turn light yellow at a temperature of 150 degrees Celsius. At this point, the coffee evaporates, shrinks even more, and starts to smell.
  • 180 degrees C: Raise the temperature to 180 degrees C when the seeds become dark yellow. At this point, the transpiration process ceases, the surface of the grain starts to show fractures, and the perfume is more potent.
  • 200 degrees C: Raise the temperature to 200 degrees C when the seeds start turning light brown. The size of the grains increases swiftly at this stage, and the aroma gets more robust and sweeter. The flavour has not yet attained its most delicate level, though, because the chemical reactions inside the seeds have not yet started.
  • 210 degrees Celsius: Roast the coffee at this temperature when the beans start to become brown. The coffee beans will begin to smoke and crack, giving off an intense odour.
  • 215 degrees Celsius: You raise the temperature to 215 degrees Celsius after you notice the coffee has stopped erupting. The volume of the coffee beans will now increase by up to 150 per cent, along with the intensity of their aroma.
  • 225 degrees Celsius: Raise the temperature to 225 degrees Celsius when you hear the coffee explode for the second time. Essential oils, vitamins, minerals, a lowered acidity, and a very passionate scent will now be released by the coffee.
  • 235 degrees Cā€“240 degrees C: the food can be roasted at this temperature; the completed product is dark brown, quite bitter, and emits oil. When the temperature is between 215-225 degrees Celsius, the volume of the coffee beans reaches its maximum, the acidity decreases, but the aroma somewhat increases.

The kernels are promptly cooled with air or water after roasting. Because freshly roasted beans must go to the consumer as soon as possible, roasting is typically done in importing nations.

9. Coffee Powder is ground

The beans are ground to achieve the most incredible flavour in a cup of coffee. The way the coffee is brewed affects how finely the beans are ground.

The appropriate grind level is determined by how long the coffee powder is in contact with the water. In general, coffee is prepared more quickly the finer the grind.

Because of this, coffee made in an espresso machine is substantially smoother than coffee made in a drip system.

The espresso maker applies 132 pounds of pressure per square inch to extract the coffee.

It has been demonstrated that the smell of coffee alone may excite the brain, so my advice is to take the time to inspect and smell the nuts.

10. Brew coffee

Coffee can be brewed in a variety of ways. You can refer to Helenna Coffee’s summary of Vietnam coffee and how to make it.

You can learn how to make the ideal cup of coffee for every taste by reading the cover’s popular coffee brewing techniques, ideas, and procedures.

The majority of Vietnamese people today drink coffee every day as a habit. As a result, the standards for pure coffee’s quality must be hygienic and secure for consumers. However, there aren’t many coffee products available that can live up to those requirements. In addition to not containing any potentially dangerous additives, clean coffee must also be “clean” during its whole “journey” before it reaches consumers.

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