[Part 2] Discover coffee varieties: Jackson, Maragogype, Marsellesa, Mundo Novo, Obata, Pacamara, Pacas, Pache, Parainema

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter
[Part 2] Discover coffee varieties

Discover coffee varieties: Jackson, Maragogype, Marsellesa, Mundo Novo, Obata, Pacamara, Pacas, Pache, Parainema: There are more than 125 recognized kinds of coffee in the world today, according to data. Only two species, Arabica and Robusta, have been commercially marketed. Arabica coffee – coffee types produced at high altitude, which contain less caffeine but have a richer, more delicate, and unique flavor than Robusta – is exclusively used in the Specialty Coffee business because of its potential flavor.

When it comes to coffee types, there are numerous ancient kinds and new hybrids that have been produced, resulting in exceptional production and quality. Learn about unusual coffee varietals with high-grade potential with Helena., JSC.

JACKSON

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: susceptible

The varieties are Jackson, Kent, Coorg, and Mysore – all originating from the same region of India – could very well be a descendant of the first coffee beans from Yemen, produced by Baba Budan brought to India in 1670. Recent genetic tests have confirmed that Jackson is related to the Bourbon gene pool.

Mr. Jackson was a coffee farmer in Mysore, India, in the early 1900s who discovered the plants on his farm were resistant to coffee leaf rust (that resistance had been lost). And the cultivar is considered susceptible to rust). Seedlings from these varieties were sent to research stations in Kenya and Tanzania in the 1920s. This original variety gave rise to the Jackson variety, now commonly found in Rwanda. (It is not clear how Jackson traveled from Kenya to Rwanda; documents suggest it may have come from the germ collection at Mulungu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo established in the 1930s or brought by Kenyan settlers in the 1940s.)

MARAGOGYPE

Quality: High

Yield: Low

Disease resistance: susceptible

[Part 2] Discover coffee varieties: Jackson, Maragogype, Marsellesa, Mundo Novo, Obata, Pacamara, Pacas, Pache, Parainema
Maragogype is a natural mutant of Typica, named after the town where the breed was discovered – Maragogipe, Brazil.

Maragogype is known for its ‘large’ coffee beans and leaves, low yield but high-quality fruit but slow maturation. The quality of this grade is appreciated in specific markets.

MARSELLESA

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: Resistance

discover-coffee-varieties-jackson-maragogype-marsellesa-mundo-novo-obata-pacamara-pacas-pache-parainema

Marsellesa was developed through a cross between Sarchimor and Caturra; prized for its high quality and resistance to leaf rust (inherited from Sarchimor).

This coffee is characterized by high acidity and high tolerance to rain during harvest, where cultivars such as actual and caturra can lose some cherries under heavy rainfall.

MUNDO NOVO

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease resistance: Good

[Part 2] Discover coffee varieties: Jackson, Maragogype, Marsellesa, Mundo Novo, Obata, Pacamara, Pacas, Pache, Parainema
A natural hybrid between Typica and Bourbon was first found in Brazil. Mundo Novo has a high yield but a longer growing time than other varieties.

OBATA

Quality: Good

Yield: High

Disease: Resistance

discover-coffee-varieties-jackson-maragogype-marsellesa-mundo-novo-obata-pacamara-pacas-pache-parainema

A cross between Timor Hybrid and Villa Sarchi was initially developed in Brazil. In 2014, Obata was brought to Costa Rica by the local coffee institute, ICAFE.

PACAMARA

Quality: High

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: susceptible

A hybrid between Pacas and Maragogype developed in El Salvador in 1958.

The variety shares the characteristics of both mother plants; it is a short-day and high-yielding plant-like pacas, and the fruit is as large as maragogype. The quality of the flavor profile of this variety is relatively good.

PACAS

Quality: Good

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: susceptiblediscover-coffee-varieties-jackson-maragogype-marsellesa-mundo-novo-obata-pacamara-pacas-pache-parainema

A natural mutation of the breed Bourbon

Pache is named after the Pacas family in El Salvador, who first discovered the variety. Pacas is a hardy plant that grows in various environments and has similar flavor qualities to the Bourbon variety.

PACHE

Quality: Good

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: susceptible

discover-coffee-varieties-jackson-maragogype-marsellesa-mundo-novo-obata-pacamara-pacas-pache-parainema

Pache is a natural mutant of Typica, initially discovered in Guatemala on the farms of El Brito, Santa Cruz Naranjo, and Santa Rosa.

This variety shows some resistance to local diseases but is very susceptible to leaf rust and coffee berry disease. This is a high-quality coffee that grows well at high altitudes.

PARAINEMA

Quality: Good

Productivity: Moderate

Disease resistance: Resistance

Another relative hybrid was created in the 1980s by IHCAFE, Honduras’s National Coffee Research Center.

Like most varieties bred by associations, the type is resistant to pests and diseases that threaten crops locally. In the case of Parainema, the mixture is resistant to leaf rust and nematodes.

>>> [Part 1] Discover coffee varieties: Batian, Bourbon, Castillo, Catimor, Sarchimor, Catuai

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