The Difference Between Specialty and Commercial Coffee

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter
We have learned about the definition of the difference between specialty coffee and premium coffee. What are the necessary and sufficient conditions for coffee to be classified as “prestige.” However, depending on the intended use, the value of commercial coffee is equally important. We will try to compare the differences between these two types to choose the right one for you.

Coffee is classified as either specialty or commercial quality. Specialty coffees make up the majority of the coffees discussed on this page. The most obvious distinction between commercial and specialty coffees from the consumer’s perspective is the packaging: Commercial coffee is sold in small instant bottles or as ground coffee in a tin or a collapsed, plastic-encased brick. Specialty coffee is stored or delivered whole beans in one-pound bags or in bulk and must be ground before use.

Commercial coffee is often roasted and packaged in huge factories under well-known brand names. Specialty coffee is typically roasted in tiny shops or factories utilizing traditional methods and technology, and it is frequently sold right where it is roasted.

Specialty coffees have a far wider range of options than commercial coffees. Coffee can be purchased by the country of origin (Kenya, Colombia), roast (French roast, Italian roast), or blend (made for the time of day, price, or flavor). Commercial coffee shops provide a small selection of blends and roasts, with minimal opportunity to purchase single-origin, unblended coffees.

Commercial coffees are faits accomplis in tins or bags, whereas speciality coffee market allow customers to participate in the production of their pleasure.

Different standards of Specialty Coffee beans and Commercial Coffee

Method specialty coffee

Preferences specialty coffee

– Specialty Coffee (Premium Coffee): Must meet the screening conditions of SCA (World Specialty Coffee Association) for quality in each stage. From cultivation, preliminary processing, roasting, and preservation to preparation. Specialty coffee private

– Commercial Coffee: There is no specific standard of quality.

Characteristic breed

Premium Coffee, or specialty coffee beans, only uses tea varieties (Arabica) green coffee for the high-end segment (taste score above 80). Arabica is selected for its superiority in flavor. And its caffeine content is less than that of bean robusta beans.

Specialty Coffee uses Arabica beans because they often give a more dominant flavor.

These premium Arabica varieties are generally more selective. Requiring growing conditions is more labor-intensive because it meets the standards needed for green seed quality. However, the output is not high; it changes according to the season, not throughout the year. In contrast, Commercial coffee differences is often more focused on the economy and general tastes. Commercial coffees are usually lower-grade Arabica varieties—usually a blend of Arabica and Robusta or completely Robusta. The output of Commercial coffee is relatively stable. Always maintain a sustainable supply as required by major brands and brands.

Robusta or a blend of Arabica and Robusta is always the choice of vs commercial coffee.

Difference transparency of the origin  

One of the advantages of premium specialty coffee is to highlight the unique local flavors of each region. So for this segment, you can trace the whole farm, not simply the country of production. Besides, information such as variety, planting height, soil type, cultivation, preliminary processing, and roasting level… are all essential. The target customers of this segment are looking for the experience, knowledge, and stories that local coffee brings. Therefore, the requirements for product transparency are very high; the more detailed the information, the more clearly the level of the coffee is shown.

For Commercial coffee, the origin information of the coffee is often much more straightforward. The reason is that the product is a mixture of many seed varieties of different origins and qualities. Usually, Commercial Coffee only has basic information such as various appropriate brewing tools. This market share often views coffee as a refreshment product to keep them awake.

The difference between Roast Level and Freshness

Specialty Coffee is best when medium-roasted and when fresh 

A difference between commercial

The trend of specialty coffee roasting (Superior coffee, hand specialty coffee, pre-ground specialty coffee) pursues the honor of the unique, indigenous flavor of the coffee. The third wave “particularly favors” roasts from medium to bright. You know, the darker the roast, the more the original flavors of the coffee fade, giving way to the bitter taste of the old style. Roasting of the third wave is also considered a separate art school because of coffee’s flavor transformation during this period. This premium product is best used within a month of roasting. Doing so to ensure freshness, ensure the taste of coffee.

Commercial Coffee suitable for dark roast taste

This variety has uneven quality, so light roasting will quickly reveal errors in the seeds. Usually, to fill in the defects, roasters will roast from dark to dark. In addition, they also marinate more flavors to increase the appeal to users. Producer companies also often extend the shelf life of coffee after one to two years of roasting. This will reduce costs and even increase profits. Although in theory, coffee can still be used after a year. But now, the taste of in the coffee will be terrible.

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The trend of enjoying Specialty Coffee and Commercial Coffee is the distinction between, so there will be different roasting levels.

The convenience of Commercial Coffee and Specialty Coffee

Of course, in terms of comfort, Commercial coffee will be much better. Due to the sophisticated nature of Specialty Coffee, it is almost more difficult to access and find reputable sources. Sometimes to buy, you need to book online or find reliable roasters.

If you want to buy green kernels, the shipping can take more than a month. This affects the quality of the coffee. And if you buy roasted beans, you should pay attention to the roasting date to ensure the freshest product… At the same time, enjoying Specialty Coffee is also more expensive in terms of enjoyment. You can go to the store to buy and drink directly. Or, if you are “more willing to play,” invest in a “luxury” mixing kit at home.

More simply, with Commercial Coffee, you can easily buy it at supermarkets and grocery stores with all brands and different prices. They are usually sold in ground powder soluble powder to serve customers’ convenience needs. The audience of this market share is often more interested in convenience and price. In particular, some types are also marinated with flavorings to increase their competitiveness in terms of tastes.

The difference in Price (words)

The selective nature and requirements from the stages of Specialty Coffee are more demanding. Therefore, labor costs and storage and transportation costs make the average price of Specialty Coffee much higher than that of Commercial Coffee.

According to the latest statistics, a kilogram of roasted premium coffee beans can range from $35 to $65 (equivalent to 800,000vnd – 1,500,000vnd) ( difference). In addition, due to limited output and high demand, the price of Specialty Coffee through auctions has been raised to a new “level.” Typical can be said to the Panama Geisha, with the cost can be up to 1000 $ / 1 kg of green seeds.

In contrast, there is no set price for Commercial Coffee. Because of the competitive nature of this segment. Depending on the needs of use, consumers can buy at different prices. Usually as low as $5 for a kilo of roasted, blended coffee (Blend) kd.

The different target market of Specialty Coffee and Commercial Coffee

Premium Coffee is a product mainly served at Specialty Coffee Shops. With the “identity” of this product, customers are looking for high-quality coffee beans and because of the store’s service style. They want an experience that is all-encompassing and perfect for enjoyment.

This market mainly consists of coffee “nerds” or coffee lovers who have a passion for discovering, learning, learning, and finding inspiration. And because it is a unique coffee, the way to drink it is also very typical. You can buy this product line through online sites, your local roaster, or at a specialty coffee shop. Usually, to preserve the best flavor, you should purchase whole seeds and use them within 3-6 months after roasting. However, the perfect taste is to enjoy within one month after roasting.

Commercial Coffee is widely used in many the distinction between segments. The food and beverage business model, from shops, big brands, in food – cooking… to individuals due to its high profitability, popularity, and stability.

The difference value of two types of coffee to the coffee industry

Commercial Coffee often spreads quickly about coffee culture to the community in terms of advantages. Typically thanks to large coffee brands, factories, trading companies, etc. In particular, the volume of product consumption has remained the same growth rate ever. Although coffee is still only seen as a popular beverage in this segment. But thanks to the extremely high profits worldwide; Specifically, the average annual coffee industry earns more than 33 billion dollars in profits. And the fact is the financial source of many countries’ raw materials.

If Commercial Coffee plays the role of “keep warm,” Specialty Coffee (Premium) “keeps the enthusiasm” for us. Specialty Coffee is a milestone for all those involved in the supply chain to work together toward a high-quality standard ( Difference). The common ideal of bringing prosperity to the coffee-enjoying culture beyond the boundaries of subsistence. To get the highest values ​​to the spiritual life. That value is for everyone, from the producer, to the seller and the beneficiary.

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The third wave is the connection of ideal people to bring coffee beyond the boundary of “subsistence.”
Brewing Dissimilarities
Coffee brewing isn’t an exact science. Except for the fact that it is! Especially when brewing high-quality coffee, such as Single Origin and Single Estate. While making coffee isn’t difficult—just a cup of extremely hot water and a pinch of sugar typically suffices—making decent or exceptional coffee is. This is why several principles and criteria for brewing coffee have been established, which may not seem relevant while making conventional coffee but are critical when brewing specialty coffee.
Here are a few examples:The temperature of the water. The optimum temperature range is between 194 and 204 degrees Fahrenheit (90 to 96 degrees Celsius).The passage of time. Each brewing method has its own brewing time, and sticking to it might mean the difference between being too bitter and being just perfect. It is necessary to utilize a timer.Weighing in. In some coffee circles, eyeballing coffee and water proportions is considered near-blasphemy. Even at home, people frequently use a kitchen scale (also known as a coffee scale). 

The ability to focus. Consistency is one of the most sought-after qualities among coffee drinkers. Coffee refractometers, which determine how much light passes through your brewed coffee, are widespread among baristas and pros, especially during tasting events and competitions.

Size of the grind. You usually don’t have to worry too much about the grind size of your coffee. It’s either fine, coarse, or somewhere in the middle. However, there are grinders on the market with over a hundred different grind settings, which may be intimidating, to say the least. Professionals often waste a lot of time debating the ideal grind size for better results.

Cold brew coffee is one noticeable exception, as it is frequently virtually as expensive as other beverages while also being advertised as high-quality. The disadvantage of cold brew is that it requires a lot more coffee than most other methods. The typical coffee-to-water ratio is roughly 1:15; cold brew has a ratio of 1:4.

As a result, cold brew is handled as a specialty coffee, meticulously prepared, and made with either 100% robusta beans or a robusta-dominant blend.

Conclude (old)

The development of the coffee industry, regardless of the segment, is a resonance combination and creates conditions for other industries to develop in parallel. As coffee makers, we are in an era of spectacular coffee development. The period when all elements of science, culture, and art stood together towards high-quality coffee.

Commercial coffee vs. specialty coffee, as expected, outperforms commercial coffee in terms of taste and aroma. Taking into account a variety of circumstances, it turns out to be a better option – though not in all cases – to purchase specialty coffee.

Commercial coffee, on the other hand, is very handy, and the low price is a big reason why people keep buying it. Furthermore, commercial coffee contains a higher percentage of caffeine, which, while it might cause acid reflux and heartburn, is the only reason people drink coffee.

Fortunately, specialty coffee’s popularity is at an all-time high. This is not only better for our palates, as we now have a larger selection of specialty coffee to choose from, but it also benefits the coffee industry, as more money goes to growers who would otherwise be unable to make a living due to undercutting. Specialty coffee is good for the world’s coffee supply while also being delicious.

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